What is happening in Israel and Gaza, and what is Hamas? 


                                     What is happening in Israel and Gaza, and what is Hamas? 


Hamas gunmen launched an unprecedented assault on Israel from the Gaza Strip on 7 October, killing more than 1,400 people and taking at least 239 hostages.


Since then, Israel has been carrying out retaliatory strikes on Gaza, in which more than 8,000 people have been killed, according to the Hamas-run health ministry. Israel has also sent troops and tanks into the territory.

What is Israel's action in Gaza?

Israel's Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, said ground forces had gone into Gaza to "dismantle" Hamas and bring hostages home.


On Monday the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) said its troops had "killed dozens of terrorists who barricaded themselves in buildings and tunnels, and attempted to attack the troops".


The IDF said it had continued to strike hundreds of Hamas targets from the air.


It said that in one attack, an aircraft was guided by forces on the ground and struck a building "with over 20 Hamas terrorist operatives inside it".


A fighter jet also struck a military post used to launch anti-tank missiles near Al-Azhar University in northern Gaza, the IDF added.


Israeli armoured vehicles have been seen near Gaza City, on the main road running north to south in the Gaza Strip. Footage verified by the BBC appears to show a tank on the road firing at a car, followed by an explosion.