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Today in History 3rd September - Africaflavour

                                        Today in History 3rd September - Africaflavour

                                        Today in History 3rd September - Africaflavour

301 San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, founded by Saint Marinus

1650 Battle of Dunbar; Oliver Cromwell's English New Model Army defeats Scottish force in surprise attack

1783 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America

1791 French Revolution: The new French Constitution, declaring France a constitutional monarchy, is passed by the National Assembly

1900 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa

1939 World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada

1944 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp [1]

1988 Estimated by this date 50,000 Kurdish civilians and soldiers killed by Iraq, many using chemical weapons, in aftermath of Iran-Iraq War 

Famous Birthdays on September 3rd

1034 Go-Sanjō, 71st Emperor of Japan (1068-73), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 1073)

1499 Diane de Poitiers, French mistress of Henry II of France, born in Saint-Vallier, Drôme, France (d. 1566)

  • 1568 Adriano Banchieri, Italian organist, composer, poet, and monk, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1634)
  • 1608 Pieter Stockmans, Flemish chairman of military
  • 1675 Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1751)
  • 1693 Charles Radclyffe, 5th Earl of Derwentwater, British politician, born in Little Parndon, Essex (d. 1746)
  • 1695 Pietro Locatelli, Italian violinist and composer, born in Bergamo, Italy (d. 1764)
  • 1703 Johann Theodor of Bavaria, Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, Freising and Liège, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1763)
  • 1710 Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (first to study freshwater polyps or hydra), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1784)
  • 1719 Ferdinand Zellbell the younger, Swedish composer and co-founder of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1780)
  • 1724 Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and administrator (Governor of Quebec 1768-1778), born in Strabane, Ireland (d. 1808)
  • 1778 Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer, French violinist and composer, born in Versailles, France (d. 1832)
  • 1781 Eugène de Beauharnais, stepson of Napoleon I (son of Alexandre de Beauharnais and Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie), born in Paris (d. 1824)
  • 1789 Edmund Passy, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1870)
  • 1791 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa, Uruguayan poet (Toraidas), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1862)
  • 1803 Alexander Gurilyov, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1858)

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