Today in History 2nd September - Africaflavour


                                      Today in History 2nd September - Africaflavour


31 BC Battle of Actium: decisive naval battle that effectively ends the Roman Republic. Octavian's forces defeat those under Mark Antony and Cleopatra off the western coast of Greece.

1192 Sultan Saladin and King Richard the Lionheart of England sign treaty over Jerusalem, at end of the Third Crusade

1666 Great Fire of London begins at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London is destroyed

1792 September Massacres of the French Revolution: In Paris rampaging mobs slaughter 3 Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.

1864 Union General William T. Sherman captures and burns Atlanta during Savannah Campaign (US Civil War)

1945 V-J Day, formal Surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (Japanese date, 1st September in US) 


                                                                    Famous Weddings 

1824 US Navy flag officer David Farragut (23) weds Susan Caroline Marchant

1908 Naval officer Robert Scott (40) weds sculptress Kathleen Bruce (30) at the Chapel Royal in London, England

1922 "Gone With The Wind" author Margaret Mitchell (21) weds Berrien "Red" Upshaw; divoce in 1924 

  • 1978 British musician George Harrison (35) marries American record label marketer Olivia Arias (30) at the Henley-on-Thames Register Office in England
  • 1978 Singer Gloria Estefan (21) weds musician and producer Emilio Estefan (25) (Miami Sound Machine)
  • 1989 Actor Sam Neill (41) weds actress Noriko Watanabe (24)
  • 1989 NBA basketball star Michael Jordan (26) weds Juanita Vanoy (30) at the Little White Chapel in Las Vegas
  • 1995 Actor Charlie Sheen (30) weds model Donna Peele (25) in Malibu, California
  •                                                                    Famous Divorces

    • 1960 Actress Tammy Grimes (26) divorces actor Christopher Plummer (30) after 4 years of marriage
    •                                                         Famous Death
    • 490 BC Pheidippides, Greek hero and inspiration for the modern marathon after he ran from Marathon to Athens to announce Greek victory in the battle of Marathon, dies at around 40 
    • 421 Flavius Constantine III, Emperor of Western Roman Empire, dies at about 51
    • 1031 Saint Emeric of Hungary [Prince Emeric], killed by a boar at 24
    • 1274 Prince Munetaka, Japanese shogun (b. 1242)
    • 1348 Joan, Princess of England, daughter of Edward III, dies of the plague at 15 in Bordeaux on her way to marry Prince Pedro of Spain
    • 1384 Louis I, Duke of Anjou and King of Naples (Battle of Poitiers), dies at 45
    • 1397 Francesco Landini, Italian organist, composer, poet, and instrument maker, dies at about 72 {exact birthday uncertain]
    • 1418 Jan III Chalon, prince of Orange/gov of Burgundy, dies
    • 1540 Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1501)
    • 1566 Taddeo Zuccari, Italian painter, dies at 37
    • 1606 Carel van Mander, Flemish painter/art historian, dies at 58
    • 1645 Alice Lisle, Last woman to be executed by a judicial sentence of beheading in England, beheaded for harboring fugitives after the defeat of the Monmouth Rebellion at around 68
    • 1680 Per Brahe, Swedish soldier and statesman (b. 1602)
    • 1688 Robert Viner, Lord Mayor of London (b. 1631)
    • 1690 Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1615)
    • 1698 Justus Vingboons, Architect, buried

    •                                                         Events in Sport 
    • 1878 Surrey left-arm slow round-arm bowler Ted Barratt takes 10-43 for the Players in Australia's 1st innings in a cricket tour match on his home ground at The Oval; all ten are caught or stumped; Australia wins by 8 runs
    • 1882 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Defending champion Richard Sears beats Clarence M. Clark 6-1, 6-4, 6-0
    • 1905 New Zealand beats Australia 14-3 in cold, wet conditions in the first international Rugby Union match between the countries on New Zealand soil at Tahuna Park in Dunedin
    • 1923 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, NYC, NY: Bill Johnson beats John Hawkes 6-0, 6-2, 6-1 for unassailable 3-1 lead for US over Australia; ends 4-1; US 4th straight win
    • 1924 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Tilden wins 5th straight US singles title; beats Bill Johnston for 3rd consecutive year 6-1, 9-7, 6-2
    • 1936 NFL Chicago College All-Star Game: All-Stars 7, Detroit Lions 7; 76,000 at Soldier Field
    • 1940 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Hershey CC: Byron Nelson wins his first PGA C'ship, beating Sam Snead 1 up in the Monday 36-hole final
    • 1946 American golfer Ben Hogan wins the Golden State Open at California CC in Los Angeles; his 3rd consecutive PGA event and 11th title of the season; 2nd time that year he wins 3 straight tournaments

    •                                             Today's Deaths in Sport 
    • 490 BC Pheidippides, Greek hero and inspiration for the modern marathon after he ran from Marathon to Athens to announce Greek victory in the battle of Marathon, dies at around 40 
    • 1896 Nat Thompson, Australian cricket batsman (2 Tests, 1st batsman dismissed in first Test match 1877), dies at 57
    • 1896 Nat Thomson, Australian cricket all-rounder (2 Tests, 1 wicket, HS 41; NSW CA), dies at 57
    • 1899 Ernest Renshaw, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1888), dies of effects of carbolic acid at 38
    • 1934 James Allan, New Zealand rugby union player All Black, dies at 73
    • 1937 Pierre de Coubertin, French educator and historian (founder International Olympic Committee; President IOC 1896–1925), dies of heart attack at 74
    • 1967 Francis Ouimet, American golfer (US Open 1913, US Amateur 1914, 31), dies at 74
    • 1969 Willy Mairesse, Belgian auto racer (13 F1 GP; Nürburgring 1000km 1963; GT Spa GP 1965; Targa Florio 1966), dies from suicide at 40
    • 1985 Abe Lenstra, Dutch soccer star, dies at 64
    • 1991 Concetto Lo Bello, Italian intl soccer judge, dies
    • 1994 Detlef Macha, German DR cyclist (5x world champ), dies at 35
    • 1996 Paddy Clift, cricketer (Rhod & Leicester all-rounder 1970-88), dies
    • 1997 Rudolf Bing, opera manager (NY Met Opera), dies at 95
    • 1998 Jackie Blanchflower, Irish footballer (b. 1933)
    • 2006 Bob Mathias, American decathlete (Olympic gold 1948, 52) and congressman, dies of cancer at 75
    • 2006 Charlie Williams MBE, English soccer defender (Doncaster Rovers 151 games) and comedian, dies from Parkinson's disease at 78
    • 2014 Norman Gordon, South African cricket fast bowler (5 Tests, 20 wickets; Transvaal), dies at 103
    • 2020 David Capel, English cricket all-rounder (15 Tests; 21 wickets; 23 ODIs), dies from a brain tumour at 57
    • 2020 William Yorzyk Jr., American swimmer (Olympic gold 200m butterfly, WR 2:19.3, 1956), dies at 87
    • 2021 David Patten, American football wide receiver (Super Bowl 2001, 04, 05; New England Patriots), dies in a road accident at 47

    •                                         Events in Sport
    • 1653-12-01 An athlete from Croydon is reported to have run 20 miles from St Albans to London in less than 90 minutes
    • 1880-04-24 Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England & Wales, is founded in Oxford, England
    • 1896-04-06 First modern Summer Olympic Games open in Athens, Greece; American athlete James Connolly becomes first modern Olympic champion when he wins triple jump (then 2 hops and a jump); later 3rd in long jump, 2nd in high jump
    • 1896-04-07 American athlete Robert Garrett wins the throwing double at the Athens Olympics by taking out the shot putt (11.22m); wins the discus the previous day
    • 1896-04-09 Australian athlete Edwin Flack claims the middle distance double at the Athens Olympics winning the 800m final in 2:11.0; his 2nd victory of the Games after success in the 1500m
    • 1896-04-10 American athlete Thomas Burke claims the sprint double at the Athens Olympics winning the 100m final in 12.0s; his 2nd victory of the Games after success in the 400m
    • 1896-04-15 1st modern Summer Olympic Games close in Athens, Greece; USA wins gold medal count, 11; Greece wins total medal count, 46; IOC has retroactively assigned gold, silver & bronze medals to 3 best placed athletes in each event
    • 1900-07-19 Luxembourg born Michel Théato representing France wins Paris Olympics marathon in 2:59:45 ahead of another French athlete Émile Champion
    • 1912-07-15 American athlete Jim Thorpe is placed in top 4 in all 10 events, for an Olympic record 8,413 points to win the Decathlon gold medal at the Stockholm Olympics, medal stripped 1913 (played pro baseball), reinstated 1982
    • 1913-02-01 American all-round athlete Jim Thorpe signs to play baseball with the NY Giants; unlike his other sporting endeavours the Olympic-medal winner's career in MLB was uninspiring (1913-19)
    • 1920-04-26 Husband and wife team Ludowika & Walter Jakobsson representing Finland, win the pairs skating gold medal at the Antwerp Olympics; Ludowika is the only German-born athlete at the Games
    • 1922-08-20 1st Women's World Games (first track & field competition for women) is conducted over 1-day at the Pershing Stadium in Paris
    • 1928-02-19 Gillis Grafström of Sweden wins his 3rd consecutive Olympic men’s figure skating gold medal at St. Moritz; one of only 2 athletes to win gold at both Winter & Summer Games (won figure skating Antwerp 1920)

    •                              Today's Birthdays in Sport
    • 1850 A. G. Spalding, American Baseball HOF pitcher, manager and executive (NL wins leader 1871–76; President, co-owner Chicago White Stockings; co-founder of Spalding sporting goods company), born in Byron, Illinois (d. 1915)
    • 1857 Thomas Groube, Australian cricket batsman (1 Test; Victoria CA), born in New Plymouth, New Zealand (d. 1927)

    • 1899 Hans Nielsen, Danish lightweight and featherweight boxer (Olympic gold 1924)
    • 1901 Adolph Rupp, American college basketball coach (d. 1977)
    • 1912 Ernie Bromley, Australian cricket batsman (2 Tests; first Western Australian to play Test cricket for Australia), born in Fremantle, Western Australia (d. 1967)
    • 1913 Bill Shankly, Scottish football manager (Liverpool, 1959-74), born in Glenbuck, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1981)
    • 1916 Dorothy May Bundy-Cheney, American tennis player (141 US tennis titles), born in LA, CA, (d. 2014)
    • 1927 Trudi Jochum-Beiser, Austrian alpine skier (Olympic gold 1948, 52), born in Lech am Arlberg, Austria
    • 1938 John Angus, English soccer defender (1 cap; Burnley 439 games), born in Amble, England (d. 2021)
    • 1941 John Thompson, American Basketball Hall of Fame center, coach and broadcaster (NBA C'ship 1965, 66, Boston Celtics; coach NCAA C'ship 1984, Georgetown), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2020)
    • 1941 Graeme Langlands, Australian rugby league fullback, captain and coach (24 Tests; St. George RLFC; ARL "Immortal"), born in Wollongong, Australia (d. 2018)
    • 1943 Glenn Sather, NHL coach (Edmonton Oiler)
    • 1944 Orlando Martínez, Cuban boxer (Olympic gold bantamweight 1972), born in Havana, Cuba (d. 2021)
    • 1948 Terry Bradshaw, NFL quarterback (Pittsburgh Steelers)/announcer (CBS, FOX)
    • 1956 Mario Tremblay, Canadian hockey player and coach
    • 1957 Tony Alva, American skateboarder
    • 1960 Eric Dickerson, Pro Football Hall of Fame running back (NFL single-season rushing record 2,105 yards, 1984; Pro Bowl 1983, 84, 86–89; LA Rams), born in Sealy, Texas
    • 1960 Rex Hudler, Tempe AZ, outfielder (NY Yankees, California Angels)
    • 1961 Jeff Russell, American MLB pitcher (Texas Rangers), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
    • 1961 Carlos Valderrama, Colombian footballer, born in Santa Marta, Colombia
    • 1963 Sam Mitchell, NBA forward (Minn Timberwolves)
    • 1965 Doug Linton, pitcher (KC Royals), born in Santa Ana, California
    • 1966 Massimo Cuttitta, Italian rugby union prop (69 caps [captain 16]; Milano, Harlequins, Bologna), born in Latina, Italy (d. 2021)
    • 1967 Andreas Möller, German footballer
    • 1968 Ricardo de Jongh, soccer player (Dordrecht '90)
    • 1969 Shani Waugh, Australian golfer (US Open 2002 3rd), born in Bunbury West Australia
    • 1969 Stephen Peall, Zimbabwean cricketer
    • 1971 Rich Aurilia, infielder (SF Giants), born in Brooklyn, New York
    • 1971 Tommy Maddox, NFL quarterback (NY Giants)
    • 1971 Tom Steels, Belgian cyclist
    • 1972 James Willis, NFL linebacker (Philadelphia Eagles)
    • 1972 Katarina Studenikova, Bratislava Slovak Rep, tennis star
    • 1973 Matthew Dunn, Leeton NSW Australia, swimmer (Olympics 1996)
    • 1973 Jason Blake, American hockey player
    • 1974 Jason Lawson, NBA center (Orlando Magic)
    • 1974 Karina Wieland, Australian rower (Olympics 1996)
    • 1977 Frédéric Kanouté, Malian footballer
    • 1978 Matthew Watkins, Welsh rugby union centre (18 caps; Newport, Llanelli Scarlets), born in Newport, Wales (d. 2020)
    • 1979 Tomer Ben Yosef, Israeli footballer
    • 1980 Hiroki Yoshimoto, Japanese racing driver
    • 1981 Katie Teft, gymnast (Olympics 1996), born in Grand Rapids Michigan
    • 1981 Chris Tremlett, English cricketer
    • 1982 Joey Barton, English soccer midfielder (1 cap; Manchester City, Newcastle, QPR, Burnley) and manager (Fleetwood Town, Bristol Rovers), born in Huyton, England
    • 1982 Jason Hammel, American baseball player
    • 1988 Ishant Sharma, Indian cricket fast bowler (102 Tests, 306 wickets; 80 ODIs, 115 wickets; Sussex, Delhi Capitals), born in Delhi, India
    • 1989 Alexandre Pato, Brazilian footballer
    • 1990 Marcus Ericsson, Swedish auto racer (Indianapolis 500 2022; Formula BMW UK 2007; All-Japan Formula 3 C'ship 2009), born in Kumla, Sweden

    •                                Today's Birthdays in Music
    • 1661 Georg Böhm, German organist and composer, born in Hohenkirchen, Mecklenburg-Güstrow (now Germany) (d. 1733)
    • 1716 Johann Trier, German organist and composer, born in Themar, Thuringia (d. 1790)
    • 1750 Pehr Frigel, Swedish composer, born in Kalmar, Sweden (d. 1842)
    • 1862 Franjo Krežma, Croatian violinist, born in Osijek, Croatia (d. 1881)
    • 1892 Felix Wolfes, German-American conductor, educator (New England Conservatory, 1948-68), and composer, born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1971)
    • 1896 Amanda Randolph, American jazz and blues piano player and singer; stage, radio, and screen actress (The Laytons; Amos 'n Andy - "Ramona"; Danny Thomas Show - "Louise"), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1967)
    • 1910 Bruce Boyce, Canadian-American baritone singer, and teacher (Royal Academy - London, England), born in London, Ontario (d. 1996)
    • 1911 René Amengual, Chilean pianist, composer and educator, born in Santiago, Chile (d. 1954)
    • 1914 (Lawrence) "Booker T." Laury, American boogie-woogie and blues pianist and singer, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1995)
    • 1914 Tom Glazer, American folk singer and songwriter (Because All Men Are Brothers; A Dollar Ain't A Dollar No More), born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
    • 1915 Dai-Keong Lee, composer
    • 1915 Hans Joachim Koellreutter, composer
    • 1917 Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian classical, jazz and Latin guitarist and composer (developed bossa nova), born in Prainha, São Paulo, Brazil (d. 1995)
    • 1919 Gideon William Waldrop, American composer and educator (Julliard School, 1961-85), born in Haskell County, Texas (d. 2000)
    • 1919 Marge Champion, American dancer (Marge & Gower Champion Show), born in Los Angeles, California
    • 1925 Hugo Montenegro, American composer and bandleader (d. 1981)
    • 1927 Tzvi Avni, Israeli classical composer (Meditations On A Drama), born in Saarbrücken, Germany
    • 1928 Miloslav Istvan, composer
    • 1930 Andrey Pavlovich Petrov, composer
    • 1932 Walter Davis Jr., American hard bop pianist (Davis Cup, Illumination), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1990)
    • 1932 Emil Richards [Radocchia], American session and touring vibraphonist and percussionist [George Shearing; Frank Sinatra; Lalo Schifrin; Frank Zappa; George Harrison; Harry Partch; Shadowfax), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2019)
    • 1933 Rick Lewis, American doo-wop tenor (The Silhouettes - "Get A Job"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2005)
    • 1934 Michael Sahl, composer
    • 1936 David Leonard Blake, British composer, and educator, born in London, England
    • 1939 Bobby Purify [Dickey], American soul singer ("I'm Your Puppet"), born in Tallahassee, Florida (d. 2011)
    • 1939 Sam Gooden, American soul vocalist (The Impressions - "People Get Ready"; "It's All Right"), born in Chattanooga, Tennessee (d. 2022)
    • 1940 Jimmy Clanton, American rock vocalist ("Just A Dream"), born in Baton Rouge, louisiana
    • 1940 Mick Pyne, British touring and session jazz pianist (Tubby Hayes; Georgie Fame: Charlie Watts), born in Thornton Dale, North Yorkshire, England (d. 1995)
    • 1942 Barbara Donald, American jazz trumpeter and bandleader, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2013)
    • 1943 Rosalind Ashford, American rock vocalist (Martha Reeve & Vandellas - "Heat Wave"; "Dancing In The Street"), born in Detroit, Michigan
    • 1943 Đorđe Novković, Croatian pop singer-songwriter (Pro Arte), and television personality (Hrvatski Idol), born in Vladimirci, German-occupied Serbia (d. 2007)
    • 1946 Billy Preston, American soul musician, singer and pianist, 5th Beatle ("Nothing From Nothing"; "You Are So Beautiful"), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2006)
    • 1947 Richard Coughlan, English drummer and percussionist (Caravan), (d. 2013)
    • 1948 Linda "Tui" Tillery, American singer-songwriter (The Loading Zone), born in San Francisco
    • 1949 Albert West[laken], Dutch singer (Dumb Willie)
    • 1950 Michael Rother, German electronic musician (Neu!; Kraftwerk; Harmonia; Cluster), born in Hamburg, West Germany
    • 1951 Mike Kaminski, British rock musician (ELO), born in Harrogate, England
    • 1953 John Zorn, American jazz and avant garde musician and composer, born in New York City
    • 1957 Steve Porcaro, American rock keyboardist and vocalist (Toto, 1977-87, 2010-19 - "Rosanna"; "Africa"), born in Los Angeles, California
    • 1959 Esther Oosterbeek, Dutch singer (Dolly Dots)
    • 1966 Dino Cazares, American heavy metal guitarist (FearFactor), born in El Centro, California
    • 1969 Cedric "K-Ci" Hailey, American singer
    • 1971 Katt [Micah Sierra] Williams, American comedian, actor, rapper, born in Cincinnati, Ohio
    • 1976 Phil Lipscomb, American musician (Taproot)
    • 1977 Ramiro Muñoz, Colombian musician
    • 1977 Sam Rivers, American rock bassist (Limp Bizkit), born in Jacksonville, Florida
    • 1984 Jack Peñate, English singer and musician (Matinée), born in London, England
    • 1987 Spencer Smith, American rock drummer (Panic! at the Disco), born in Denver, Colorado
    • 1989 Ishmeet Singh Sodhi, Indian Playback Singer (d. 2008)

    •               Today's Birthdays in Film & TV History
    • 1906 Vera Vague [Barbara Jo Allen], American actress (Sleeping Beauty, Follow the Leader), born in NYC, New York (d. 1974)
    • 1911 Eileen Way, British actress (Les Miserables, Rainbow, Vikings, Assassin), born in Surrey, England (d. 1994)
    • 1915 Meinhardt Raabe, American actor (The Wizard of Oz), born in Watertown, Wisconsin (d. 2010)
    • 1916 Penny Santon [Pierina Burlando], American actress (Fletch, Roll Out, Matt Houston), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
    • 1925 Ronnie Stevens, actor (Rodney-Dick & Duchess), born in London, England
    • 1927 Francis Matthews, British actor (Paul Temple, Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons), born in York, England (d. 2014)
    • 1927 Leonard Katzman, TV producer
    • 1929 Hal Ashby, American film director (d. 1988)
    • 1929 Victor Spinetti, Welsh actor (A Hard Day's Night, Help!), born in Cwm, Ebbw Vale, Wales (d. 2012) [1]
    • 1937 Derek Fowlds, British actor (Yes Minister, The Basil Brush Show), born in London, England (d. 2020)
    • 1938 Glyn Worsnip, British radio and television presenter (That's Life!), born in Highnam, Gloucestershire (d. 1996)
    • 1938 Mary Jo Catlett, American stage and screen character actress (Hello Dolly!; Diff'rent Strokes - "Pearl"; SpongeBob SquarePants - "Mrs. Puff"), born in Denver, Colorado
    • 1940 Beverly Sanders, actress (Lotsa Luck, CPO Sharkey), born in Hollywood, California
    • 1940 Harry Northup, American actor (The Silence of the Lambs, Taxi Driver), born in Amarillo, Texas
    • 1941 John Thompson, American Basketball Hall of Fame center, coach and broadcaster (NBA C'ship 1965, 66, Boston Celtics; coach NCAA C'ship 1984, Georgetown), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2020)
    • 1943 Đorđe Novković, Croatian pop singer-songwriter (Pro Arte), and television personality (Hrvatski Idol), born in Vladimirci, German-occupied Serbia (d. 2007)
    • 1946 Luis Avalos, actor (Condo, E/R, I Had 3 Wives), born in Havana, Cuba
    • 1948 Terry Bradshaw, NFL quarterback (Pittsburgh Steelers)/announcer (CBS, FOX)
    • 1950 Rosanna DeSoto, American actress
    • 1950 Yuen Wah, Chinese actor and stuntman
    • 1951 Mark Harmon, American actor (St Elsewhere, NCIS), born in Burbank, California
    • 1951 Michael Gray, American actor (Shazam!, Brian Keith Show), born in Chicago, Illinois
    • 1955 Linda Purl, actress (Gloria-Happy Days, Matlock), born in Greenwich, Connecticut
    • 1961 Anthony Wong [Chau-sang], Hong Kong actor (The Untold Story), born in Hong Kong
    • 1962 Prachya Pinkaew, Thai film director
    • 1962 Eugenio Derbez, Mexican comedian and actor
    • 1965 Partho Sen-Gupta, Indian filmmaker
    • 1966 Tuc Watkins, American actor
    • 1968 Cynthia Watros, American actress
    • 1969 Mark Brettschneider, American actor (Jason-One Life to Live), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
    • 1971 Shauna Sand, actress (Renegade), born in San Diego, California
    • 1971 Pawan Kalyan, Indian actor
    • 1971 Katt [Micah Sierra] Williams, American comedian, actor, rapper, born in Cincinnati, Ohio
    • 1974 Daniel Southworth, American actor and stunt performer
    • 1976 Erin Hershey, American actress.
    • 1979 Ron Ng, Hong Kong actor
    • 1981 Fariborz Kamkari, Iranian film director and producer
    • 1981 Bracha van Doesburgh, Dutch actress
    • 1982 Mandy Cho, Hong Kong actress