Event: Today in History 4th September

                                     What Happened On This Day – September 4

Event: Today in History 4th September ( What Happened On This Day – September 4)

Event: Today in History 4th September ( What Happened On This Day – September 4)   

In 2002, Kelly Clarkson Becomes the First American Idol

The singer, songwriter, and Grammy Awards winner made her first appearance in the second episode of the reality TV show, which co-hosted by Ryan Seacrest and Brian Dunkleman and was judged by Paula Abdul, Simon Cowell, and Randy Jackson. The popular show was broadcast on Fox television network and has been on television for 14 seasons.

Event: Today in History 4th September ( What Happened On This Day – September 4)   

In 1998, Google is founded

The internet company, now synonymous with the act of finding information on the world wide web was created by Larry Page and Sergey Brin. It started as a research project when Page and Brin were doctoral students at Stanford University.

In 1998,  Who wants to be a Millionaire? Makes its Debut on British Television

The popular quiz game show that gave out cash prizes to contests for answering increasingly difficult questions was developed by David Briggs, Mike Whitehill, and Steven Knight, and was aired for the first time on ITC. Chris Tarrant hosted the British version of the show until 2014. The popularity of the show in the UK prompted TV channels from other countries to adapt it for their audiences.

In 1888, Printing and imaging company Kodak, also known as Eastman Kodak Company, was founded by inventor George Eastman

On the same day, Eastman received the patent for the roll-film camera. The cameras which were preloaded with rolls that were good for up to 100 photographs changed the world of photography by making it easier for amateurs to take it up as a hobby.

In 1870, Napoleon III ousted as Emperor of France

The first elected president of France, Napoleon took over the title of Emperor in 1852. The ouster came in response to Napoleon's capitulation during the Franco-Prussian War. After being removed from power, he was exiled to England, where he died on January 9, 1873.

626 Shimin becomes Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China, when his father abdicates in his favour

925 Aethelstan crowned King of the Anglo Saxons by the Archbishop of Canterbury at Kingston upon Thames

1260 Battle at Montaperti, Tuscany, between rival factions the Guelphs and Ghibellines

1282 King of Aragon Pedro III annexes Sicily

1414 Peace of Atrecht: John the Fearless & Armagnacs

1479 King Alfonso I of Portugal recognizes Isabella as queen of Castile

1571 Catholic rebellion in Scotland

1618 "Rodi" avalanche destroys Plurs, Switzerland, 1,500 killed

1778 City of Amsterdam signs trade agreement with American rebels

1781 Los Angeles is founded by 44 Spanish speaking mestizos in the Bahia de las Fumas (Bay of Smokes)

1786 -5] William of Orange's troops plunder Netherlands towns of Hattem and Elburg

1805 1st edition of Batavian State Courier published

1813 First US religious newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))

1833 1st newsboy hired (Barney Flaherty, 10 years old by the NY Sun)

1842 Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after a 284-year hiatus

1854 English and French lay siege to the eastern Russian city of Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky during the Crimean war

1861 First meeting to discuss need for standard units of electrical measurement (the Volt after Alessandro Volta and the Ohm after Georg Ohm suggested) by British Ass for Advancement of Science in Manchester

1862 North Beach & Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco

1864 Bread riots in Mobile, Alabama

1884 Britain ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia

1885 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)

1894 In NYC, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting against sweat shops

1899 8.3 earthquake shakes Yakutat Bay, Alaska

1904 Dalai Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet

1906 New York Highlanders beat Boston Pilgrims, 7 - 0 and 1 - 0 for their MLB record 5th straight doubleheader sweep

1911 French aviator Roland Garros sets world altitude record of 4,250 m (13,944 ft)

1912 First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured

1914 General von Moltke ceases German advance in France

1914 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace

1916 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers Christy Mathewson & Mordecai Brown face each other for a final time; after 25 contests Mathewson takes a 13-12 advantage with Reds 10-8 winners over Cubs

1918 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier

1918 US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months

1919 British intervene in Petrograd

Famous Birthdays on September 4

973 Al-Biruni, Iranian mathematician, astronomer and polymath, born in Kath, Khwarezm, Afrighid dynasty (d. 1048) [some sources cite 5th as birth date]

1241 Alexander III, King of Scotland, born in Roxburgh Castle, Roxburghshire (d. 1286)

1249 Amadeus V de Great, Count of Flanders and Savoy, born in Le Bourget-du-Lac, France (d. 1323)

1383 Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoye and last antipope (Felix V, 1439-48), born in Chambéry, France (d. 1451)

1454 Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician, born in Wales (d. 1483)

1557 Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Wismar, Germany (d. 1631)

1563 Wanli, Emperor of Ming Dynasty, born in China (d. 1620)

1596 Constantijn Huygens, Dutch diplomat and poet, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1687)

1622 Jacob Hintze, German composer, born in Bernau (d. 1702)

1647 Gerhard Noodt, Dutch lawyer, born in Nijemegen, Netherlands (d. 1725)

1717 Job Orton, English minister, born in Shrewsbury, England (d. 1783)

1746 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch vicar and poet, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1803)

1755 Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish Army officer, diplomat and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1810)

1768 Francois René de Chateaubriand, French novelist (Atala), born in Saint-Malo, France (d. 1848)

1778 Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, French King of Netherlands (1806-10), born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Kingdom of France (d. 1846)

1793 Edward Bates, American lawyer (26th U.S. Attorney General), born in Goochland County, Virginia (d. 1869)

1795 Friedrich August von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1878)

1801 Cullen Whipple, American inventor (pointed screw machine), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1868)

1802 Marcus Whitman, American physician and missionary (Oregon Trail), born in Federal Hollow, New York (d. 1847)

1803 Sarah Childress Polk, Wife of the 11th President of the United States, James K. Polk (1845-1849), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee (d. 1891)

1809 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Trip to H Land), born in Kremenets, Russian Empire (d. 1849)

1810 Donald McKay, Canadian-American naval architect (built fastest clipper ships), born in Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1880)

1815 Andreas Ignatius Schaepman, Archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1882)

1815 Mihály Mosonyi, Hungarian composer, born in Boldogasszony, Austria-Hungary (d. 1870)

1816 François Bazin, French composer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1878)

1824 Phoebe Cary, American poet (Poems of Alice & Phoebe Cary), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)

1825 Dadabhai Naoroji, 1st Indian in British parliament, born in Mumbai, India (d. 1917)

1826 Martin Wiberg, Swedish computer pioneer, born in Viby, Scania, Sweden (d. 1905)

1832 Antonio Agliardi, Italian diplomat and Roman Catholic cardinal, born in Cologno al Serio, Italy (d. 1915)

1843 Charles Dilke, British statesman and Radical politician, born in London (d. 1911)

1843 Ján Levoslav Bella, Slovak composer, born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Austrian Empire (d. 1936)

1846 Daniel Burnham, American architect and urban designer (built skyscrapers), born in Henderson, New York (d. 1912)

1848 Lewis Howard Latimer, American inventor (carbon filament lightbulbs), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1928)

1848 Jennie Lee, American actress (The Birth of a Nation), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1925)

1850 Luigi Cadorna, Italian fieldmarshal (WW I-Caporetto), born in Verbania, Kingdom of Sardinia (d. 1928)

1851 John Dillon, Irish nationalist and British Lower house leader, born in Blackrock, Dublin (d. 1927)

1853 Hermann Wissmann, German African explorer and governor of East-Africa, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1905)

1859 Edoardo Mascheroni, Italian composer, born in Milan (d. 1941)

1869 Karl Seitz, President of Austria (1920), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)

1869 Geart Aeilco Wumkes, Frisian theologist and writer (Frision Movement), born in Joure, Netherlands (d. 1954)

1870 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied), born in Asch, Bohemia (d. 1956)

1871 [Rosalie] Julia Cuypers, Flemish actress and wife of Joseph of Lyre, born in St-Jans-Molenbeek, Belgium (d. 1952)

1874 Johanna M. "Lena" Bakker, Dutch actress and wife of Bruno Gerlach, born (d. 1964)

1880 Leo Bittermieux, Flemish missionary (Congo) (d. 1946)

1885 Dimitrios Loundras, Greek gymnast, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1971)

1885 Antonio Bacci, Italian cardinal, born in Giugnola, Italy (d. 1971)

1886 Albert Orsborn, 6th General of The Salvation Army, born in Clapton, England (d. 1967)

1888 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor and choreographer (Triadisches Ballett), born in Stuttgart, German Empire (d. 1943)

1891 Sam Lanin, American sweet jazz arranger and bandleader (Roseland Orchestra; The Ipana Troubadors), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1977)

Famous Deaths on September 4

422 St Boniface I, Italian Bishop of Rome, dies

454 Dioscorus van Alexandria, patriarch (council of Efeze), dies

799 Musa al-Kazim, Shia Imam, dies at 53

1037 King Bermudo III of Leon (b. 1010)

1085 Irmgarde van Suchtelen, German countess of Aspel, hermit and saint, dies

1199 Joan of England, Queen consort of Sicily, wife of William II of Sicily (b. 1165)

1537 Johann Dietenberger, German theologian (b. c. 1475)

1553 Cornelia da Nomatalcino, monk converted to Judaism, burned at stake

1571 Matthew Stuart, Earl of Lennox, regent of Scotland for his grandson King James VI, shot and killed during a skirmish in Stirling at 54

1588 Robert Dudley, English Earl of Leicester, favourite of Elizabeth I, dies at 87

1644 John Wtenbogaert, Dutch theologist (Kerckelicke history), dies at 87

1709 Jean-Francois Regnard, French comedic poet who was captured by pirates to be a slave in Algeria, dies at 54

1759 Girolamo Chiti, Italian composer and music theorist, dies at 80

1767 Charles Townshend, English politician, 3rd Viscount of Townshend, dies at 42

1780 John Fielding, English magistrate and social reformer (b. 1721)

Famous Weddings & Divorces on September 4

1988 Actor Kevin Bacon marries actress Kyra Sedgwick

1993 Five-time U.S. national champion figure pair skater Jerod Swallow (26) weds his partner Elizabeth Punsalen

1996 Judy Garland's daughter Lorna Luft (44) weds musician and musical director Colin Freeman (30) at Highclere Castle in Hampshire, United Kingdom

2004 Rap singer Juvenile (29) weds Shadonna Jones at The Victory Fellowship Church in Metairie, Louisiana

2006 Television presenter Sally Meen (41) weds show business agent Russ Lindsay at Great Fosters Hotel in Egham, Surrey

2009 Singer and actress Christina Milian (27) weds singer-songwriter The-Dream (31) at the Little White Chapel in Las Vegas, Nevada

2011 Fashion model and designer Lauren Bush (28) weds David Lauren (40), son of fashion designer Ralph Lauren at the 17,000 acre farm in Colorado

2016 Olympic gold medalist track and road cyclists Laura Kenny (24) weds track cyclist Jason Kenny (28) at a private ceremony in Cheshire, England